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Future Directions

Heritage Learners and Less-Commonly Taught Languages

  • Teacher preparation, identity, and socialization
  • Heritage learner issues including investment and biliteracy

Cultural and Intercultural Competence in LCTL Classrooms

  • Teacher beliefs and practices regarding culture and intercultural content and activities
  • Teacher beliefs and practices regarding heritage/non-heritage learner differences
  • Assessment activities for intercultural competence

Teacher Preparation and Online/Distance Learning

  • Course effectiveness and student perceptions
  • Development of advanced conceptual knowledge through peer scaffolding

Arabic-English Biliteracy

  • Oral-literate divide and L1 influence in Arabic L1 learners of English 
  • Implications of biliteracy and diglossia for university learners, including HLLs and non-HLLs